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Chinese Pharmacopoeia

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Chinese Pharmacopoeia: Ganoderma Lucidum

Pinyin Línɡ Zhī

English name GANODERMA

Alias ​​Ganoderma lucidum, Ganoderma lucidum, Ganoderma lucidum

Source: Polyporaceae genus Ganoderma lucidum (Leyss.ex Fr.) Karst. Or the dry fruiting body of Ganoderma sinense Zhao, Xu et Zhang. Harvested throughout the year, remove impurities, cut off the lower end of the stipe with dead wood, silt or culture medium, dry or dry at 40 ~ 50 °C.

Character Ganoderma lucidum: The shape is umbrella-shaped, and the cap is kidney-shaped, semi-circular or nearly circular, with a diameter of 10 to 18 cm and a thickness of 1 to 2 cm. The skin is hard, yellow-brown to reddish-brown, shiny, with ring-shaped ribs and radial wrinkles, thin and flat edges, often involute. The flesh is white to light brown. Stipe cylindrical, lateral, less partial, 7 ~ 15cm long, diameter 1 ~ 3.5cm, reddish brown to purple brown, bright. The spores are small and yellowish brown. The gas is slightly fragrant and bitter.


Zizhi: The skin is purple-black and has a lacquer-like luster. The fungus is rust brown. The stipe is 17 to 23 cm long.

Cultivation of Ganoderma lucidum: The fruiting body is thick and thick, with a diameter of 12 to 22 cm and a thickness of 1.5 to 4 cm. There are a lot of dusty yellow-brown spores outside the husk.

Identification (1) This product is light brown, tan to purple brown. The hyphae are scattered or bound into a mass, colorless or light brown, slender, slightly curved, branched, and have a diameter of 2.5 to 6.5 μm. The spores are brown, ovate, with a flat top, and the outer wall is colorless. The inner wall has a ridge-like protrusion, which is 8 to 12 μm long and 5 to 8 μm wide.

(2) Take 2 g of this product powder, add 30 ml of ethanol, heat to reflux for 30 minutes, filter, and evaporate the filtrate, and add 2 ml of methanol to dissolve the residue to prepare a test solution. Another 2 g of Ganoderma lucidum reference material was prepared, and the same method was used to prepare a reference drug solution. According to the thin layer chromatography (Appendix VI B) test, draw 4μl of each of the above two solutions, respectively, on the same silica gel G thin-layer plate, with petroleum ether (60 ~ 90 ° C) - ethyl formate - formic acid (15: 5) The upper layer solution of :1) is a developing agent, unrolled, taken out, air-dried, and examined under an ultraviolet lamp (365 nm). In the chromatogram of the test sample, fluorescent spots of the same color are displayed at positions corresponding to the chromatogram of the reference drug.

Sexual sweet, flat.

Return to the heart, lung, liver, kidney.

Indications to qi and soothe the nerves, cough and asthma. For dizziness, sleeplessness, palpitations, shortness of breath, fatigue and cough.

Usage and dosage 6 ~ 12g.

Store in a dry place, anti-mildew, anti-mite.

Excerpt from the Chinese Pharmacopoeia

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